Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

6. Income Taxes

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6. Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2016
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

The Company’s effective income tax rate was 0% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. The projected annual effective tax rate is less than the Federal statutory rate of 34%, primarily due to permanent differences, the change in the valuation allowance and changes to estimated taxable income for 2016. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company’s effective income tax rate was 2.2% and 1.9%, respectively. Income tax expense was $1 thousand for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and related to the payment of prior and current year state tax expenses. Income tax expense of $13 thousand and $23 thousand for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, related to payment of prior and current year federal and state tax expenses.

The Company provides for recognition of deferred tax assets if the realization of such assets is more likely than not to occur in accordance with accounting standards that address income taxes. Significant management judgment is required in determining the period in which the reversal of a valuation allowance should occur. The Company has considered all available evidence, both positive and negative, such as historical levels of income and future forecasts of taxable income amongst other items, in determining its valuation allowance. In addition, the Company’s assessment requires us to schedule future taxable income in accordance with accounting standards that address income taxes to assess the appropriateness of a valuation allowance which further requires the exercise of significant management judgment.

Although the Company expects to generate levels of pre-tax earnings in the future, the Company decided to re-establish a full valuation allowance at December 31, 2015 for its deferred tax assets. This decision was based upon actual results differing from those estimates used as a basis for the previous partial valuation of the deferred tax asset.

The Company believes that the accounting estimate for the valuation of deferred tax assets is a critical accounting estimate, because judgment is required in assessing the likely future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. The Company based the estimate of deferred tax assets and liabilities on current tax laws and rates and, in certain cases, business plans and other expectations about future outcomes. In the event that actual results differ from these estimates or the Company adjusts these estimates in future periods, the Company may need to adjust the recorded valuation allowance, which could materially impact our financial position and results of operations. The valuation allowance was $18.5 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015. We will continue to evaluate the ability to realize our deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance on a quarterly basis.